How to Prevent Miscarriage? | Most Common Causes of Miscarriage | How to Avoid Miscarriage?

How to Prevent Miscarriage?

A miscarriage is a pregnancy loss that happens between the first and second trimesters. Bleeding is the initial symptom. Following that, you may have excruciating stomach discomfort. A pregnant lady usually suffers one miscarriage before her subsequent pregnancies are successful. Miscarriage does not have to be stressful. This is due to the fact that a healthy diet and regular exercise minimize the risk of miscarriage. 

Causes of Miscarriage in Early Pregnancy

A miscarriage cannot usually be prevented since the cause is unknown. Early in pregnancy, knowing the reasons of miscarriage and adopting actions to avoid miscarriage can greatly lower the chance of miscarriage. The following are some of the reasons behind this: 

Immune System Disorders: The zygote is seen by the female body as a foreign thing that must be fought and killed. The zygote usually alerts the body to its presence, but in certain situations, the immune system misbehaves and destroys it. Anti-phospholipid antibodies cause the miscarriage in this case. Antibodies that attack the body’s own cells are known as autoantibodies. 

Abnormal Uterus and Cervix: If the uterus is too small, the embryo does not develop normally and does not receive enough nutrients. Another possibility is that the cervix is insufficiently robust to keep the foetus in place beyond the first trimester of pregnancy. 

Hereditary Disorders: Hereditary diseases are thought to account for almost two-thirds of all miscarriages. Both the egg and the sperm have 23 chromosomes, which add up to 46 when combined. A miscarriage occurs when the number of chromosomes falls below or exceeds this level. 

Infection: A variety of bacteria live on the vaginal wall, the majority of which are useful in some way. Microplasma hominids and Ureaplasma urealyticum, for example, exist inside a woman’s reproductive system and can induce miscarriage by creating inflammation in the uterine wall. 

Lifestyle: Tobacco, some drugs, airborne pollutants, and alcohol can have an impact on pregnancy. Ibuprofen, for example, a sort of pain reliever, impacts the synthesis of hormones that aid in the induction of labour. 

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): Due to hormonal imbalances, women with PCOS are at a higher risk of mis-carriage. Especially individuals with PCOS, who suffer from hormonal imbalances as well as insulin resistance and high insulin levels. Increased insulin levels can lead to blood clotting between the placenta and the uterine wall, resulting in placental insufficiency. This is a disorder in which the unborn infant does not receive adequate nutrition and its toxins do not flow out, which might result in miscarriage. 

Maternal Disorders: Hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, and diabetes are all linked to an obstructed uterus, which makes it difficult to implant embryos. The good news is that these issues can be resolved. 

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Prevent Miscarriage

Most Common Causes of Miscarriage

Every pregnant woman hopes for a good pregnancy for her unborn child. Mis-carriage, on the other hand, can occur for a variety of causes. Pregnancy problems or miscarriage can occur for a variety of causes, the majority of which are beyond the pregnant woman’s control. So, why do people get abortions?

There is no one solution to this issue, and there might be a variety of causes for the baby’s death in the womb. Many pregnant women avoid specific fruits because they believe they are one of the foods that might cause mis-carriage, while others see typical day-to-day activities as a risk factor. So, what really is the truth? This page discusses a variety of scientific explanations for miscarriage as well as measures to prevent it. 

Inside the womb, a baby’s development is complicated and requires several challenging processes. A miscarriage can occur at any point throughout this process for a variety of reasons. Some behaviours may be changed by changing one’s lifestyle, while others require medical guidance and assistance. The following are 10 common reasons of miscarriage in the first trimester of pregnancy: 

Gene or Chromosomal Abnormality

Genes, or genetic material, are packed inside chromosomes. It has to do with the child’s growth and development. Miscarriage can occur in some situations due to anomalies in the genetic material or chromosome, especially during the first trimester. It is the natural way for nature to abort a pregnancy that lacks the required capacities to live and thrive after birth. Syndromes such as Down syndrome, Turner syndrome, and cystic fibrosis are caused by a variety of defects and typically result in the premature end of pregnancy. 

Hormone Issues

Fertilization of the egg is compromised when women do not generate enough progesterone. For the zygote to take hold and thrive, it must be properly implanted in the uterus. Diabetes and hypothyroidism, for example, have an impact on the hormone levels required for pregnancy. 


Obesity or excess weight has a direct impact on pregnancy. Obese women, according to research, are more prone to hormone imbalances and reproductive issues. 

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Abnormalities of the Uterus

Miscarriage is caused by genetic abnormalities such as the creation of the septum, as well as non-genetic abnormalities such as fibroids and cervical incompetence. The process of conception is also hampered by such anomalies. To avoid future miscarriages, they can be treated with medications or surgery. 

Miscarriage As A Result Of Poor Habits

Because of the harmful compounds found in these substances, women who smoke, consume alcohol, or use drugs have an increased chance of miscarriage. Chemicals like bisphenol A (BPA) might injure your feet if you come into contact with them by accident. 

The Uterus Is Infected

Mycoplasma, rubella, measles, listeria, mumps, gonorrhoea, parvovirus, chlamydia, and other uterine infections can sometimes harm the inner wall of the uterus. Women who have had many gynaecological surgeries are more likely to get viral and bacterial infections. Infection of the uterus or cervix, on the other hand, is a rather uncommon cause of mis-carriage. 

Anomalies That Are Present At Birth

Folate, vitamin B12, pregnancy after the age of 35, obesity, and other dietary deficits can raise the risk of a foetus developing congenital abnormalities. The consequences of such deformities that emerge as a result of numerous disorders can be seen during pregnancy. 

Immune System Disorders

Recurrent miscarriages are caused by several autoimmune illnesses. Women with autoimmune illnesses, particularly lupus, produce a large number of antibodies directed against their body’s tissues. These antibodies raise the risk of mis-carriage from severe pre-eclampsia or placental issues. If the condition is caught early enough, medicines like heparin and aspirin can help you have a safe pregnancy. 

Clotting of the Blood

An uncommon hereditary condition that causes excessive blood clotting affects certain women. Thrombophilia is the medical term for this condition, and women who have it are more prone to miscarry. There is an issue with the foetus’ development due to blood coagulation. It also prevents the embryo from remaining in the uterus. 


Diabetes is a big concern during pregnancy, and if it is not treated promptly, it can harm both the mother and the baby’s health. Diabetes raises the risk of womb abnormalities, which might result in mis-carriage. 

The key criteria for a healthy pregnancy include genetic characteristics, a better lifestyle, and a decent environment. Internal health issues might also cause miscarriage in rare situations. As the pregnancy advances, the risk of mis-carriage decreases, making it simpler to manage all of the risk factors. If you’re having trouble conceiving or are in the early stages of a pregnancy and have concerns about your health, see a doctor to get some answers. The first step in becoming pregnant is to maintain a healthy physique. 

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How to Avoid Miscarriage?

Miscarriage is something you don’t want to worry about when you’re pregnant. However, it is a fact, and it is critical to prevent it at all costs. Certain lifestyle adjustments, such as the ones listed below, can help to minimise the chance of mis-carriage:

High Vitamin ‘C’, Zinc, And Vitamin ‘B9’ Intake: The endometrial layer of the uterus is intimately tied to vitamin ‘C.’ The uterine tissue is not robust enough to build up and retain the embryo in place if you are lacking in Vitamin C. Oranges, lemons, grapes, and green leafy vegetables all contain it. Zinc is important for both the maintenance and development of pregnancy. Consuming fish, cereals, lean meats, and eggs can help you get more zinc in your diet. To overcome the challenges in your baby’s growth, you’ll also need a lot of Vitamin ‘B9.’ On your doctor’s suggestion, you should also take vitamin ‘C’ and vitamin ‘B9’ supplements if necessary.

Exercise Restriction: While keeping excellent heart health is essential, it is preferable to avoid heavy exercise while pregnant. Because the odds of miscarriage rise after a fall or an injury to the stomach from strenuous exercise. Another explanation is that excessive exercise might cause your body to overheat, causing blood supply to the uterus to decrease.

Eating More Fish: Research has shown that eating more fish lowers the risk of miscarriage. However, avoid eating fish like tuna, mackerel, swordfish, and shark since they are rich in mercury and can damage a baby.

Increasing Your Dairy Intake: Studies show that drinking milk and eating cheese might help prevent miscarriage. Even after taking into consideration characteristics like weight, age, and nutritional consumption. However, this study also reveals that butter consumption increases the chance of miscarriage. The clear message is that butter should be avoided in favour of milk and cheese. Unpasteurized dairy should be avoided since it can cause illnesses including toxoplasmosis and listeriosis, which can lead to miscarriage.

Protecting Yourself from Environmental Hazards: X-rays are absolutely banned during pregnancy. Tell your doctor about your pregnancy as soon as possible if it is absolutely essential. Pollution, vehicle fumes, formaldehyde, and pesticides are among environmental pollutants that can cause miscarriage, stillbirth, or stunted growth in the newborn.

Drink less Coffee: Coffee has been connected to miscarriage in studies. At the same time, some argue that drinking four cups of coffee in a day is not harmful.

Avoid Cigarettes And Alcohol: Tobacco and alcohol are absolutely forbidden since they are harmful to both you and your kid. Because tobacco lowers sperm count and increases sperm abnormalities, miscarriage is a possibility. Even worse, just one glass of alcohol might diminish your fertility by 50%. It has an effect on the baby’s growth through the placenta and can result in miscarriage.

Spinach: Studies suggest that spinach includes vitamin ‘E,’ which nourishes the embryo and protects it from hunger, lowering the chance of miscarriage.

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Chocolate Consumption: Chocolate consumption lowers the chance of miscarriage by 20%, as it strengthens the child’s immune system.

Get An STD Test: Sexually transmitted illnesses such as HPV, herpes, syphilis, and gonorrhoea should all be checked for. Its variables can enhance the chance of miscarriage by being present in the birth canal next to the germ embryo. Also, make sure your spouse is checked out.

Supplement with Progesterone. Progesterone is the most significant hormone during pregnancy because it aids in the preparation of the unborn infant for placement in the uterus. If you have a progesterone deficiency, talk to your doctor about taking progesterone supplements to help you get pregnant and keep it going. Progesterone has an important role in preventing miscarriage, particularly in the first trimester.

Get A Preconception Examination: Consult your gynaecologist before starting a family to discuss your medical history, lifestyle, and nutrition. Your doctor may also do an infection immunity test and, if required, administer vaccines. Diseases including thyroid problems, seizures, and lupus may also be evaluated in some cases. All of these things can also help you avoid miscarriage.

Creating A Balanced Diet: It’s critical to have the appropriate mix of nutrients in your diet if you wish to conceive and avoid miscarriage. Carrots, berries, green vegetables, and fish oil are some of the foods high in antioxidants that you should consume. Fruit consumption lowers the chance of miscarriage by around 75%.

Naturopathy: Many herbs have been claimed to lower the chance of miscarriage. The Chest Tree, Rehmania, Crump Bark, and Black How, for example, are thought to help with hormonal balance, inflammation, uterine discomfort, and a variety of other reproductive issues.

Massage Therapy: The blood circulation of the uterus can be enhanced with the aid of a fertility massage professional. Massage helps your uterus perform to its greatest capacity by removing congestion and obstructions.

Miscarriages are excruciatingly painful on both a physical and emotional level. Miscarriage can be avoided in the future by learning the probable reasons of miscarriage and maintaining the proper practises throughout pregnancy.

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